jaora's No.1 Spoken English Classes

1st 2nd 3rd Person Subject Concept

Personal Pronoun Subjects: Singular & Plural

First Person, Second Person & Third Person

 

PersonSingularPlural
First PersonThe person or people speakingI (मैं)We (हम)
Second PersonThe person or people being spoken toThou(तुम या आप {एक व्यक्ति})(Obsolete now & replaced with ‘You’ in present English)You(तुम या आप {एक से ज़्यादा व्यक्ति})
Third PersonThe person or people being spoken aboutHe (वह {एक लड़के के लिए })She (वह {एक लड़की के लिए }) They – वे (एक से ज़्यादा लोगों के लिए )

माना मैं आपसे राम के बारे में बात करा हूँ , तो यहाँ पर मैं(I) First Person हूँ  , आप (You) Second Person हो और राम(Ram) Third Person है।

ध्यान दीजिए, आप (You) चाहे एक व्यक्ति हों या एक से अधिक, अंग्रेज़ी भाषा में You को बहुवचन की तरह ही प्रयोग किया जाता है व You के साथ वही सहायक क्रियाएँ प्रयोग की जाती हैं जिन्हें बहुवचन subject के साथ प्रयोग करते हैं जैसे are, have, do etc.

“You” is always treated as a plural subject & its singular form is obsolete now. That’s why, “You” is always followed by the helping verbs, which are used with Plural subjects.

dictionary work: for practice (check the meaning of these phrases)

at the present timefrom time to timesooner or laterat the same timeup to the present timeto begin within due timeas soon asas long asin the meantimein a momentwithout delayin the first placeall of a suddenat this instantin the middleto the left/rightin front ofon this sidein the distancehere and therein the foregroundin the backgroundin the center ofadjacent toopposite toforthusbecause thethenhenceconsequentlythereforethereuponforthwithaccordinglyhenceforthnotablyincludingliketo be surenamelychieflytrulyindeedcertainlysurelymarkedlysuch as

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